Television is so awful, and students watch so much of it, that it's not surprising that there's been much sociological research on its effects. Most of the studies, though, suffer from the third-factor effect - yes, student who watch a lot of TV tend to be more aggressive, but could a third factor explain both behaviors? Student with lower IQ scores also tend to watch more TV and be more violent, as do person from poorer families. The correlations between heavy TV watching and other behaviors could be merely effects from common causes.

Television habits consist of patterns of behavior determined by the amount of time and importance individuals give to watching television broadcasts and recorded videos and DVDs.


Ever since the 1ate 1940s when television first became available, social scientists have been interested in its effect on behavior. Originally seen as entertainment for adults and older children, television in the twenty-first century is watched by all age groups, including infants. More than 98 percent of homes in the United States have at least one television set. Many have more. One study found that 32 percent of children age’s two to seven had television sets in their bedroom. This number increased to 65 percent for children ages eight to 18.

Although television can be an educational tool for student, exposing them to information and situations that they cannot experience first hand, social scientists and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) have raised specific concerns about the effect of television watching on young student development. Areas of concern include:

  • inability of young student to distinguish between television fantasy and reality
  • exposure to television violence, especially where violence is not shown to have any serious consequences
  • exposure to age-inappropriate sexual situations
  • effect of advertising on among of student
  • glamorization of unrealistic body images
  • promotion of alcohol use and the glamorization of cigarette and cigar smoking
  • increased obesity when passive television watching replaces active play
  • time taken away from school work and traditional hobby activities

Factors that increase the likelihood of heavy television viewing by student include low socioeconomic status, living in a single parent household, and being born to a teenage mother. Viewing time is also increased by parental beliefs that television viewing does not hurt student and improves their vocabulary and imagination. Heavy parental television viewing, multiple television sets at home, television in the child's bedroom, and using television to distract student all increase the likelihood that student will become heavy television and video watchers.


1-Spend more time on television than study.

In research, kids and teenagers 8 to 18 years spend nearly

4 hours a day In front of TV screen and almost 2 additional hours on the computer

(Out side of schoolwork) and also spend a lot of time to playing video games.

Include other activities such as out doors activities, playing with friend,

Spending time with family, eat, take a bath and sleep. So, how much time they

Spend to study?

2-Effect on eyes

Student that spend time in front of TV actually don’t realize that the TV screen

Can affect on their eyes. The luminosity of TV screen is harmful to human eyes,

In some research, most of person that wearing glasses is spend a lot of time

in front TV and computer screen. Student who have short-sighted will have

problem on their study because they have to wearing glasses to cover their sight.

3-Study on late night

In Malaysia, most of TV stationary will stopped their channels on 3 o’clock

Until 5 o’clock. Student that watches TV until late night will study or do their

Homework after channels closed. Other problem will occur when;

I.Their homework is not finish.

These problems happen in many students. They cannot finish their work when they

Feel very sleepy or tired and lastly they leave their work and go to bed.

II.not enough sleep and sleepy during classes.

Sleep is important to among of student. Teens and adult need to sleep at least 8 hours

Below while kids need to sleep almost 12 hours per day. Not enough sleep in among

Of student will cause weakness on their body and cannot focus on their learning in

Class. This problem also can make them to being scolded or punish by their teacher

and that student might become stress by such as action.

4-Learning wrong thing from TV

There are many advantages can be extract from TV program. But, despite its

advantages too much TV can be detrimental:

I.Violence act

Student may become desensitized to violence and more aggressive. TV violence

Sometimes begs for imitation because violence is often promoted as a fun and

Effective ways to get what student want. Many violent acts such as vandalisms,

Fighting in school and others is doing by student.

II.Harsh word

Using harsh words is the most popular in among of student. Some movie

That shown on TV might use many harsh words. Student will be attracted

And copy what the characters say in movie.

III.Risky behaviors

TV is full of programs and commercials that depict risky behaviors such as sex

Substance abuse as cool, fun, and exciting .and often, there’s no discussion about

The consequence of drinking alcohol, doing drugs, smoking cigarettes, and have

Premarital sex. For example, studies show n that teen who watch lots of sexual

Content on TV are more likely to initiate intercourse or participate in other sexual

Activities earlier than peers who don’t watch sexually explicit show.

Teen are see plenty of people smoking on programs and movie airing on TV.

This kind of “product placement” makes behaviors like smoking and drinking

Alcohol seems acceptable. In fact, student who watch 5 or more hours of TV per day

are more likely to begin smoking cigarettes than those who watch less than the

Recommended 2 hours a day.

5- Get bad result

The consequence of all cause and effect above will cause one last effect:



1-Student can learn new thing

Of course television, in moderation, can be a good thing:

Pre preschoolers can get help learning the alphabet on public television, grade schooled

can learn about wildlife on nature show, and parent can keep up with current events

in the evening news, no doubt about it-TV can be excellent educator and entertainer

B beside that, quality programming on TV and other electronic media can get in the way

Of exploring, studying, playing, and interacting with parent and other, which

En encourages learning and healthy physical and social development.

Summery of this topic

As the conclusion,

-TV viewing may replace activities that we know help with school performance,
such as reading, doing homework, pursuing hobbies, and getting enough sleep.
-One research study found that TV's effects on education were long term. The study
found that watching TV as a student affected educational achievement at age 26.
Watching more TV in childhood increased chances of dropping out of
school and decreased chances of getting a college degree, even after controlling for
confounding factors.
-Watching TV at age four was one factor found to be associated with bullying in grade
-Don't abuse any television and media electronic programming as they can bring goodness
or badness.